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1. Brief Description:
Pakistan, since its birth, has been facing constant political and constitutional crises, where parliamentary democracy is yet to be established on firm footing.
Therefore, it is important to study the constitutional and political developments in Pakistan. The aim of the course is to acquaint the students with the nature and direction of the constitutional and political developments in Pakistan. A special focus shall be on the role of the political leadership and that of military-bureaucratic leadership in the political institutionalization in Pakistan.
2. Aims & Objectives:
After completing this course, the students will be able to:
¾ Understand the constitutional and political issues and problems and the causes of the dilemma of parliamentary democracy in Pakistan.
¾ Comprehend the working of the administrative and political machinery
¾ Analyze the security dilemmas of Pakistan
3. Contents:
™ Early Problems of Pakistan.
™ Quaid-i-Azam As Governor General.
™ Interim Constitutional Set-up.
™ Constitution – Making 1947-1956.
™ Working of the Constitution of 1956.
™ Causes of Martial Law of 1958.
™ Ayub Khan’s Era.
™ Yahya Khan’s Regime.
• Legal Framework order.
• General Elections 1970.
™ Separation of East Pakistan: Causes and Effects. ™ Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s Period.
• Major policies and Reforms.
• Anti-Bhutto Movement: Causes of his fall. ™ Zia-ul-Haq’s Era.
• Constitutional Measures.
• Political Development.
™ Revival of Democracy: 1988-1999. ™ Major Political Parties.
• Pakistan Muslim League.
• Pakistan People’s Party.
• Jamat-i-Islami.
• Mutahida Qaumi Movement. ™ Foreign Policy.
• Determinants of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy.
• Development of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy.
4. Basic Readings:
Waseem, Muhammad. State and Politics in Pakistan.
Rizvi, Hassan Askari. The Military and Politics in Pakistan: 1947-86. Lahore: Progressive Publishers, 1987.
Ziring, Lawrence. Pakistan in the 20th Century: A Political History.
5. Additional Readings:
Afzal, M. Rafique. Political Parties in Pakistan: 1947-58 (3 Vols.) Islamabad:
National Institute of Historical and Cultural Research, 1986.
Ahmad, Mushtaq. Government & Politics. Karachi: Space Publishers, 1970.
Aziz, K. K. Party Politics in Pakistan: 1947-58. Islamabad: National
Commission on Historical & Cultural Research, 1976.
Binder, Leonard, Religion and Politics in Pakistan. Berkeley: California University Press, 1961.
Callard, Keith. Pakistan: A Political Study. London Allen & Unwin, 1957.
Chaudhary, G.W. Constitutional Development in Pakistan. New York: Institute of Pacific Relations, 1959.
Feldmen, Herbert. A Constitution of Pakistan. London: Oxford University Press, 1967.
Gauhar, Altaf. Ayub Khan: Pakistan’s First Military Rulers. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 1993.
Jahan, Rounaq. Pakistan’s Failure in National Integration. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972.
Jalal, Ayesha. The State of Martial Rule: The Origins of Pakistan’s Political Economy of Defense. Lahore: Vanguard, 1991.
Rizvi, Hassan Askari. The Military and Politics in Pakistan: 1947-86. Lahore: Progressive Publishers, 1987.
Sayeed, Khalid Bin. The Political System of Pakistan. Lahore: National Book Service, 1988.
Ziring, Laurence. Pakistan: The Enigma of Political Development. Boulder: Dowson Western, 1980.
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