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1. Brief Description:
The purpose of the course is to discuss political, constitutional, economic and religious struggle of the Muslims of South Asia under the British Raj. After one thousand years’ Muslim rule, India came under the British. Therefore, a triangular struggle ensued after 1857 which culminated in the freedom of India. Hindu-Muslim tangle sharpened to such an extent that the Muslims demanded a separate homeland of Pakistan. The struggle for Pakistan is one of the most complicated,
complex and painful era of the Muslims of South Asia. They achieved Pakistan in 1947 but at a very high price of life & property, only because they wished to have an Islamic state.
2. Aims & Objectives:
After completing this course, students will be able to understand:
¾ origin and outcome of the Muslim struggle for Pakistan
¾ the role of Muslim leaders such as Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Allama Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam.
¾ the Two-Nation Theory which is essential to create a sense of Pakistani Nationalism.
3. Contents:
™ Aligarh Movement.
™ Partition of Bengal.
™ Simla Deputation.
™ All India Muslim League.
™ Khilafat movement
™ Simon Report.
™ Nehru Report.
™ Jinnah’s Fourteen Points.
™ Allahabad Address.
™ Congress Ministries.
™ Lahore Resolution.
™ Cripps Proposals.
™ Rajagopalachari Formula. ™ Wavell Plan.
™ Gandhi – Jinnah Talks. ™ Cabinet Mission Plan. ™ 3rd June Plan.
™ The last Viceroy: Lord Mountbatten and the transfer of Power in India
4. Basic Readings:
Qureshi, I.H. Struggle for Pakistan. Karachi, 1965.
5. Additional Readings:
Abdul Hamid. Muslim Separatism in India 1858-1947, Oxford University Press, 1967.
Ahmad, Jamil ud Din. Early Phase of Struggle for Pakistan. Middle
Phase of Struggle for Pakistan. 3 Vols.
Allama G. Documents of Pakistan Movement. Karachi, 1967. Aziz,K.K. Making of Pakistan.
—————. A History of the Idea of Pakistan. 4 Vols.
———–. Life and Works of Ameer Ali. Lahore, 1968.
Chaudhari Muhammad Ali. Emergence of Pakistan.
Dar, B.A. Religious Thoughts of Sayyid Ahmed Khan, Lahore, 1957.
Keith, A.B. Constitutional History of India. Oxford, 1937.
Pakistan Historical Society. History of Freedom Movement. 3 Vols.
Pirzada, Sharifuddin. Evolution of Pakistan. 1942, 1940, 1939.
Philipps, CH. Select Document on the Evolution of India and Pakistan. Qalb-i-Abid, Syed. Muslim Politics in Punjab 1921-1947.
——— Jinnah: Second World War and the Pakistan Movement.
——— Muslim Struggle for Independence from Sir Syed Ahmad
Khan to Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. (1857-1947) Shan Muhammad. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, A Political Biography. Lahore, 1976. Sharif-al-Mujahid. Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Karachi.
Waheed uz Zaman. Towards Pakistan.
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