PUNJAB UNIVERSITY MA History Syllabus

Course HIS/610 CONTEMPORARY MIDDLE EAST
(Turkey, Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia & Palestine)
1. Brief Description:
Middle East is one of the most important regions of the world. Its importance lies not just because of its strategic location but also due to its economic potential and the character of its politics. The interest, rather interference, of great powers in the region has made it a hub of international politics. This course deals with the developments in the modern Middle East.
2. Aims and Objectives:
After studying this course the students will be able to :
¾ Develop a background for understanding the dynamics of internal politics of important states of Middle East.
¾ Understand the foreign relations of different states in the Middle East with other powers of the region and with the great powers.
¾ Comprehend the political and socio-economic character of the region.
3. Contents:
™ World interests in the Middle East.
™ Great Powers Rivalry in the Middle East.
™ The Middle East First World War and the Peace Conferences.
™ Modern Turkey under Kamal Ata Turk.
™ The Kamalist Revolution and Reforms of Mustafa Kamal Pasha. ™ Ata Turk’s domestic and foreign policy.
™ Turkey under Ismat Inonu.
™ Iran under Raza Shah.
™ Reforms of Raza Shah Pahlavi.
™ Raza Shah’s Domestic and foreign policy.
™ Iran and the great powers.
™ Turkey, Egypt and Iran during the 2nd World War.
™ Western imperialism in Iran
™ Nationalism and the nationalization of oil in Iran
™ by Dr. Muhammad Mussaddiq.
™ Rise of Ibn-e-Saud as the King of Saudi Arabia.
™ Discovery of oil in Saudi Kingdom.
™ Ibn-e-Saud: His character and achievements.
™ Rise of Faisal in Saudi Arabia.
™ King Faisal’s domestic and foreign policy.
™ The Arab League.
™ The Palestine problem.
™ Struggle for independence and the Rise of nationalism in Egypt ™ (1924-1936).
™ The Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936.
™ The Revolution of 1952.
™ Western imperialism and the Construction of Aswan Dam.
™ Egypt under Gamal Abdul Nasir.
™ The nationalization of Suez Canal.
™ United Arab Republic (UAR).
™ Gamal Abdul Nasir’s New Egypt; his domestic and foreign policy. ™ Unity and diversity in the Middle Eastern Politics.
4. Basic Readings:
Lenczowski, George. The Middle East in World Affairs, Berkeley, 1979.
5. Additional Readings:
Allen Hart, Arfat: Terrorist or Peacemaker? London, 1984. Anwar el-Sadat, In Search of Identity, London, 1978.
Arthur Goldsehmidt. Jr. A Concise History of the Middle East, Westview Press. USA 1979
David Carlton, Anthony Eden: A Biography, London, 1981. David Hirst and Irene Beeson, Sadat London 1981.
Dilip Hiro, Inside The Middle East, London, 1982.
Edy Kaufman, The Superpowers and their Spheres of Influence, London, 1976
Evan Luard, A History of the United Nations, vol. 1 The Years of Western Dominations,1945-1955 London 1982.
H. W. Degenhardt, Treaties and Alliances of the World, Longman, 1974.
H.G. Nicholas, The United Nations As a Political Institution, New York, 1959. Henry Kissinger, Observations. Selected Speeches and Essays 1982-1948. Henry Kissinger, Years of Upheaval, Toronto, 1982.
Jean Lacoutre, Nasser: A Biography, London, 1973
Karl Ryavec, United States Soviet Relations, Longman, 1989.
Keith Wheelock, Nasser’s New Egypt, London 1960.
Kurt Waldheim, The Challenge of Peace, London, 1980.
Norton Moore; The Arab-Israeli conflict: readings and Documents Abridges and Revised Edition, American Society for International Law Princeton, New Jersey, 1977.
Ogla Nariewicz, Soviet Leader, Sussex, 1986.
P. J. Vatikiotis, Nasser and His Generation, London, 1978.
Patricia Auderheide, Anwar Sadat, Chelsea House Punlishers, New York 1985.
Raymond Flower, Napoleon to Nasser: The Story of Modern Egypt London. 1972. Richard Nixon, Leaders, London 1982.
Richard Nixon. The Memoirs of Richard Nixon, New York, 1978.
Robert Donaldson (ed), The Soviet Union in the Third World; Successes and Failures,London, 1981.
Roger Owen, State, Power & Politics in the making of Modern Middle East. London,1992.
S. R. Ashton, In Search of Détente, London, 1989.
Shaukat Ali, Pan-Movements in the Third World, Lahore, 1976.
Sydney Nettleton Fisher, The Middle East: A History. London 1969.
Tawfig Y. Hasou. The Struggle for the Arab World: Egypt Nasser and the Arab League,London, 1985
Tom Little, Egypt, London, 1958.
Zbignew Brezinski, Power and Principle, London, 1983.
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